France (1963 SG1601) Jacques
Jacques Daviel was born in Normandy
of France. He completed his medical training in Rouen. Before becoming
an ophthalmologist, he was a physician
and was active in the treatment of plaque which was endemic in Provence.
He was often regarded as the father
of modern ophthalmology because of his invention of cataract extraction.
Before him, the traditional methods
of curing a cataract involved displacement of the lens into the vitreous
thus clearing the visual axis.
In the technique, the sclera was perforated with a sharp instrument and
instrument was inserted through
the scleral incision and the cataractous lens was pushed backward.
involved for the first time removal
of the lens through a corneal incision. He perfected his surgery on the
and carried out the technique on
206 patients in 1752 out of which 182 was reported to be successful.
He died in Geneva at the age of
69 from cerebral haemorrhage.