blind persons: Literary figures
James Joyce (1882-1941)
Irish poet, author, journalist and playwright. He attained international fame with the
publication (1922) of Ulysses, a novel, the themes of which are based on Homer's Odyssey.
The story concerned with a 24-hour period in the life of an Irish Jew, Leopold Bloom. He
suffered from chronic iritis which was said to be initiated by an attack of rheumatic fever
in 1907. Over the years he had recurrent attacks in both eyes causing him to lose his
vision slowly. He received several ophthalmic treatment including leeches, iridectomy