Paediatric Ophthalmology
Bophuthatswana (1985)
Transkei (1991)
Measles is a RNA virus and transmitted through respiratory droplets. The disease is self-limiting in 
immunocompetent patients but may cause a  rare late complication of subacute sclerosing 
panencephalitis. In immunocompromised patients and children with vitamin A deficiency, measles
keratitis may be followed by secondary bacterial infection leading to scarring and even perforation.
Measles has been dramatically controlled in developed countries since the introduction of live 
attenuated measles vaccine in 1963 by Johan van Niekerk.
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