Paediatric ophthalmology

The Greek word amblyopia refers to a dimness or dullness of vision. In clinical ophthalmology, 
the term has traditionally been applied to disorders in which there is a loss of vision in an eye 
for which no obvious organic cause can be found. The two common causes are strabismic
amblyopia and refractive amblyopia. The clinical treatment of amblyopia is often traced back at 
least to the 18th century when Charles de Saint-Yves and Georges-Louis Leclerc, Compte de
Buffon, proposed that forced use of an amblyopic eye might promote its recovery. This idea 
forms the basis for patching therapy, currently the most frequently prescribed clinical treatment 
for amblyopia.

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