Uganda (1978 SG226) Down
with hypertension: the fundus of the eye in hypertension.
Blood pressure increases with age.
Hypertension is diagnosed when a blood pressure of
140/90 mm Hg or greater is recorded
on three occasions with the patient at rest. Both systolic and diastolic
blood pressures contribute to morbidity and mortality. The effects of hypertension
include cerebral vascular accident, heart and renal failure. In the eye,
advance hypertension especially malignant hypertension can give rise to
haemorrhage, cotton wool spots, exudates and papilloedema. The picture
above shows a Grade III hypertensive retinopathy.