The Corpus Hippocraticum was written
by Hippocrates and some his followers. There are althogether about
200 descriptions and remedies for
eye diseases. Some of the interpretations of ocular signs are obviously
false but some appear to describe
diseases which have been re-discovered in the modern age such as
The following descriptions appear
to refer to Behcet's disease taken from the section Of The Epidemics,
Book I, Section III.
'7. But there were also other fevers,
as will be described. Many had their mouths affected with aphthous ulcerations.
There were also
many defluxions about the genital parts, and ulcerations, boils (phymata),
externally and internally,
about the groins.
Watery ophthalmies of a chronic character, with pains; fungous excrescences
of the eyelids,
internally, called fig, which destroyed the sight of many persons. There
were fungous growths, in
many other instances,
on ulcers, especially on those seated on the genital organs. There were
many attacks of
through the summer, and other affections, which are called “the putrefaction”
(seps); also large
large tetters (herpetes) in many instances.'