Ancient ophthalmology
Egypt (1925) Thoth craving the name of King Faud. 
                        1925 International Congress of Geography, Cairo
Thoth the Wise was the oldest medical deity of Egypt. He lived about 5000 BC. He is usually depicted 
with the head of an Ibis, and was generally considered the ' Source of All Wisdom '. The ancient Greeks 
called him Hermes Trismegiastos or Moon God. He was the God of Healing to whom the Ibis and the 
cynocephalic (dog-shaped) baboon were sacred. His Sacred Book, consisting of 42 volumes, included 
6 volumes of medical knowledge. The Ebers Papyrus is believed to be a copy of his original writing. 
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