11. List six important complications of HIV infection. 

This question may be answered by categorizing the different complications. However, it may be difficult to come up with six categories as the two major complications are opportunistic infections and malignancies. Alternatively, the answers may be given by listing a combination of opportunistic infections or malignancies from below:


  •           Pneumocystis carinii (common) 
  •           Cytomegalovirus (common)
  •           Candidiasis (common)
  •           Cryptococcus neoformans
  •           Mycobacterium avian intracellulare
  •           M. tuberculosis
  •           Herpes simplex (common)
  •           Cryptosporidiosis
  •           Toxoplasma gondii
  •           Herpes zoster
  •           Entamoeba histolytica (common)
  •           Giardia lamblia (common)
  •           Aspergillus
  •           Shigella
  •           Salmonella
  •           Stronglyoides and Campylobacter 


  •           Kaposi's sarcoma (common)
  •           Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma
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