To have become familiar with the following:
i. Flashes and floaters: complications
of posterior vitreous detachment and recognition of
ii. Vitreous haemorrhage: from retinal tears or neovascularisation; initial management.
iii. Retinal detachment: classification, predisposition, recognition and urgency of treatment; recognition of proliferative vitreoretinopathy.
iv. Senile/acquired retinoschisis: recognition.
v. Liaison: with low vision services.
i. Scleral indentation with indirect ophthalmoscopy.
ii. Retinal drawing.
iii. Cryopexy and laser (via slit-lamp and indirect ophthalmoscope delivery systems) for retinal tear.
i. B-Scan ultrasound for opaque media.
ii. Vitreoretinal surgery: including closed intraocular microsurgery, scleral buckling and internal tamponade.
iii. Intraocular foreign body: complications and management.
iv. Other vasoproliferative vitreoretinopathies including sickle cell retinopathy, retinopathy of prematurity, Eales’ disease.
v. Genetic vitreoretinal disease: Stickler syndrome. X-linked retinoschisis.
vi. Asteroid hyalosis.
vii. Choroido-retinal coloboma.