Datura stramomium is also known as Jimson weed
(a corruption of Jamestown weed), stinkweed and
mad apple. It
has a foul smell and usually found wild in wasteland.
It belongs to
the nightshade (solanaceae) family and like all its members
extremely poisonous and can cause death. The troops of
Antony ate this plant when retreating from Parthia in
to delirium, stupor and death. The name Jamestown weed
from the fact that it was in Jamestown County of Virginia
plant was first found in North America. Daturine an alkaloid
extracted from this plant is a combination of hyoscyamine
atropine. The extract cause mydriasis and cycloplegia.
of the leaves can relieve asthma because of its anticholinergic