Test Yourself Part III


Figure 1

Figure 2

Figure 3

Figure 4
1. Which ocular condition does she suffer from (figure 1)?
Mrs Thatcher was operated for retinal detachment while she was a prime minister of UK.

2. What is the name of this monster and in which book can he be found (figure 2)?

Cyclop. This one-eyed giant was first mentioned in the Odyssey as a race of giants with one round, centrally placed eye, dwelling on the coast of Sicily.
3. In which Shakespearean play does the Earl of Gloucester have his eyes
    plucked out?
King Lear. His eyes were torn out by the Duke of Cornwall in the sub-plot of King Lear.

4. Which mythological character tore his eyes out after discovering that his wife was actually his mother (figure 3)?

The mythology begins when, as a prince of Corinth, Oedipus is accused by a drunkard of being King Polybus's illegitimate son. Though the kind reassures the prince, a troubled Oedipus turns tot he oracle at Pytho. The oracle evades the issue of whether Oedipus is illegitimate but delivers the terrible news that the prince is fated to murder his father and married his mother. To avoid this from happening, Oedipus flees Corinth for Thebes.
On the way to Thebes, Oedipus meets a herald and carriage. When the herald gets rough and tries to push him off the road, the hot-headed prince starts a fight and subsequently kills every body involved. Unfortunately, one of the men in the carriage is his natural father, King Laius of Thebes. After solving the riddle of the Sphinx (figure 3) and thus saving Thebes form its pest. Oedipus is made king and marries the widowed queen Jocasta - his natural mother. Only later, when a plaque descends on Thebes, to be lifted when the murderer of Laius is identified and expelled, do the facts come out. Oedipus doesn't take it well and puts out his own eyes.
5. In which book of the Old Testament does the phrase "An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth" derive from?
Matthew V 38 - 9
The original text is "Ye have heard that it hath been said. An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth. But I say unto you. That ye resist not evil: but whosoever shall smite thee on thy right cheek, turn to him the other also."

6. What is the value of the green ring that encompasses the Bull's eye on a darts board?

25. The red centre is 50

7. In classical mythology iris was the goddess of what (figure 4)?

Iris was the goddess of the rainbow. She was also the messenger who delivered messages from Zeus and Hera to mankind. Farmers paid tribute to her for lifting water from lakes or streams to the clouds so it could fall again to water their crops. Also called Thaumantias, she was the sister of the Harpies.

8. Sir David Brewster (1781 - 1868) invented which popular toy to help him in his early study of colour blindness?

In 1816, Sir David Brewster of Scotland was the first person to invent the concept and object called the 'kaleidoscope.' He stumbled upon it through experimentation with prisms and other optical tools. He created a tube-like instrument that contained loose pieces of glass and other objects that were reflected by mirrors and/or lenses set at different angles to create various symmetrical patterns when viewed through one end of the tube. Brewster's term for this new instrument, "kaleidoscope," came from the Greek words meaning, "beautiful-form-to see." (see pictures below)

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