|This is the right eye of a three-month
old baby boy with bilateral nystagmus.
a. What is the diagnosis?
b. What may be responsible for the nystagmus?
The picture shows the complete absence of iris.
Nystagmus in aniridia results from poor vision which may be
due to the following:
cataract (this is usually polar)
optic nerve hypoplasia
c. What is the significance of family history in
Aniridia may be familial or sporadic.
Familial cases are usually autosomal dominant. Sporadic cases are associated
with Wilm's tumour in 30% of cases. Some sporadic cases are linked to deletion
of the short arm of chromosome 13 and are associated with mental retardation
and genitourinary abnormalities.
d. How would you manage this patient?
Management should include:
abdominal ultrasound in sporadic cases to exclude Wilm's tumour
regular ocular examination for glaucoma and development of cataract
use of sunglasses can be useful in photophobic patients.