Austria (1976)

Robert Barany (1876-1936) was an Austrian doctor who specialized in ENT. 
He was awarded the Nobel prize for his study in equilibrium. He showed
that nystagmus can be caused by a disturbance in the labyrinth. He developed
the caloric test, in which cold and hot water are used to assess the vestibular 
apparatus by observing the eye movement in response to ear syringing.

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