Karl Friedrich Theodor Krause

German anatomist, born 15th December, 1797, Hannover; died 8th June, 1868, Hannover.

Krause's glands = Accessory lacrimal glands.

Karl Friedrich Theodor Krause was important as a practising physician and health official. He first attended the anatomical school in Hannover under the Leibchirurgicus Georg Karl Ludwig Wedemeyer (1792-1829) and participated in the Hanoverian army as Unterwundarzt in the campaign in Belgium in 1815. From 1816 he studied in Göttingen and obtained his doctorate in 1818. In 1820, following a journey to Italy, he settled as a succesful practitioner in Hannover. Soon afterwards he was entrusted the chair of anatomy at the reorganized surgical school in Hannover, as well as public positions. In 1852 he assumed the highest position of this kind in Hannover, that of Director des Ober-Medicinal-Collegiums. He held his professorship in anatomy until 1851, when the surgical school was closed. He had, however, already some years previously had to reduce his teaching activity, when has was called to the Ober-medicinalcollegium. His contributions count among those of the best anatomist of his time.

Krause was one of the first to use the microscope consequently - and successfully in his anatomical investigations. He was the first to demonstrate the transverse striated fibres of the musculature of the heart.


  • Diss. inaug. physiol. sistens opinionum de thymi functione breve examen.

  • Doctoral thesis; Göttingen, 1818.
  • Über das Alter des Menschenpocken und anderer exanthematischer Krankheiten. 

  • Hannover, 1825.
  • Über die Wirkung der Musculi ischiocavernosi. In: Johann Stieglitz (1767-1840): Pathologische Untersuchungen. 2 volumes. Hannover, 1832.

  • Einige Bemerkungen über die Gestalt und die Dimensionen des Menschlichen Auges. 

  • [Johann Friedrich Meckel, 1781-1833] Archiv für Anatomie und Physiologie, 1832.
  • Anatomische Bemerkungen.

  • [Justus Friedrich Karl Hecker 1795-1850] Literarische Annalen der gesammten Heilkunde, Berlin, 1834.
  • Einige Bemerkungen über die feinsten Nervenfasern. 

  • [Johann Christian Poggendorff, 1796-1877] Annalen der Physik und Chemie, 1834, 31 and 32.
  • Mikroskopische Untersuchung des Markschwamms.

  • [Georg Philipp Holscher 1792-1852] Hannoversche Annalen für die gesammte Heilkunde, Hannover, 1836.
  • Beobachtungen und Bemerkungen anatomischen Inhalts. 

  • [Johannes Peter Müller, 1801-1858] Archiv für Anatomie, Physiologie und wissenschaftliche Medicin, 1837.
  • Jahresbericht über die Fortschritte der Anatomie für 1838. 

  • (Müllerís) Archiv für Anatomie, Physiologie und wissenschaftliche Medicin¸ 1839.
  • Synopsis icone illustrata nervorum systematis gangliosis in capite hominis. 

  • Hannover, 1839.
  • Über den feineren Bau der Leber. (Müllerís) Archiv für Anatomie, Physiologie und wissenschaftliche Medicin, Berlin, 1845.

  • Handbuch der menschlichen Anatomie. 

  • 3 volumes. Hannover, 1876, 1879, 1880. [3rd edition, published by his son, Wilhelm Krause].

    Karl Friedrich Krause, ein Lebensabriss, introduction to Wilhelm Krause, Die motorischen Endplatten. Hannover, 1869.

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