Test 13
1. Conditions that cause a superior visual field defect include:
a. ptosis

b. dermatochalasis

c. lens rim artefact

d. branch retinal vein occlusion

e. cataract

2. The following abnormalities and their automated perimetry appearances are
a. peripapillary atrophy and increased blind spot

b. nuclear sclerosis and generalized central depression

c. retinitis pigmentosa and peripheral depression

d. glaucoma and increased pattern standard deviation

e. age-related macular degeneration and central scotoma


3. The following conditions can give rise to visual field defect 
     indistinguishable from glaucoma:
a. optic nerve head drusen

b. retinal vein occlusion

c. ischaemic optic neuropathy

d. cerebrovascular accident

e. myelinated retinal nerve fibres.


4. Pituitary disease can give rise to:
a. bitemporal quadrinopia.

b. diplopia

c. see-saw nystagmus.

d. incongruous homonymous hemianopia

e. junctional scotoma

5. An increase in the mean deviation on automated threshold perimetry
     occurs in the following conditions:
a. glaucoma progression

b. change in refraction

c. cataract progression

d. use of pilocarpine

e. use of beta blocker.

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