Test 14  (neuro-ophthalmology) 
1. The following signs and symptoms are useful for differentiating 
    between papilloedema and optic neuritis:
a. central scotoma.

b. decreased visual acuity

c. optic disc swelling

d. history of recurrent transient arm weakness

e. pain behind eye

2. In a patient with optic neuritis, the following signs are suggestive of
    multiple sclerosis:

a. muscle weakness after taking a hot bath

b. difficulty in walking heel to toe

c. urine incontinence

d. wasting of small muscles of the head

e. nystagmus

3. Syringobulbia causes:

a. nystagmus

b. dysphagia

c. tongue wasting

d. bilateral Babinski's signs

e. impaired perception of pain and temperature with 
    preserved light touch and propioception in the upper 

4. In a patient with optic atrophy, the following signs are useful in 
    differentiating subacute combined degeneration of the cord from 
    multiple sclerosis:

a. absent ankle jerk

b. bilateral Babinski signs

c. sensory loss in a stocking distribution

d. macrocytic anaemia

e. ataxia

5. In a patient with ptosis and diplopia, the following findings 
    are suggestive of myasthenia gravis :

a. symmetrical involvement

b. thymoma on CT chest scan

c. increased serum creatinine phosphokinase 

d. improved lid movement after applying ice cube 
    to the lid

e. absent tendon reflexes

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