In the previous section, we discuss the importance of observation
in clinical examination. However, it is equally important not to jump into
conclusion without considering other possible diagnosis. One useful way
of avoiding this pitfall is to have lists of differential diagnosis for
common physical signs and avoid giving the diagnosis (unless the examiner
wants you to give a spot diagnosis) at the beginning of the clinical examination.
Common mistakes include:
The two patients below have features of thyroid eye disease. What further
test(s) or observation(s) would you like to perform? (click on the picture
Mistaking pseudoptosis for example in a patient with hypotropia
Mistaking a prosthetic eye for unreactive pupil
Mistaking a big eye for proptosis.