Test 144  (Physiology)
1. Vasodilators produced by the endothelium include:
a. endothelium derived relaxing factor (EDRF)

b. nitric oxide (NO)

c. prostacyclin (PGL2)

d. endothelin

e. thromboxane (TXA2) 

2. Actions of angiotensin II include:

a. increases the release of aldosterone

b. reduces renin release from the kidney

c. vasodilatation

d. promotes microalbuminuria

e. increases plasminogen activator

3. The following cranial nerves contain parasympathetic outflow 
    arising at the brain stem:

a. optic nerve

b. oculomotor nerve

c. trigeminal nerve

d. facial nerve

e. glossopharyngeal nerve

4. In a normal nephron:

a. the descending loop of Henle is impermeable to water

b. anti-diuretic hormone (ADH) increases the permeability 
    of collecting ducts to water

c. all the filtered glucose is re-absorbed in the proximal 

d. nearly all the filtered protein is reabsorbed in the 
    proximal convoluted tubule

e. the Na+ and K+/H+ exchange in the distal tubule 
    is controlled by anti-diuretic hormone

5. Sudden assumption of an upright position from supine position causes an initial decrease in::

a. cardiac output

b. heart rate

c. cerebral blood flow

d. total peripheral resistance

e. the stimulation of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system

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