To have become familiar with the following:
i. Superficial ocular trauma: including assessment and treatment of foreign bodies, abrasions and minor lid lacerations.
ii. Severe blunt ocular injury: management of hyphaema; recognition and initial management of more severe injury.
iii. Severe orbital injury: recognition and initial management of blow-out fracture, optic nerve compression.
iv. Penetrating ocular injury: recognition and initial care of corneal and scleral wounds; recognition of aqueous leakage and tissue prolapse.
v. Retained intraocular foreign body: anticipation from history; confirmation by X-Ray and CT scan.
vi. Sudden painless loss of vision: recognition of retinal arterial occlusion, central retinal vein occlusion, acute ischaemic optic neuropathy, optic neuritis; urgency of treatment.
vii. Severe intraocular infection: recognition and initial investigation and management of hypopyon.
viii. Acute angle closure glaucoma: recognition and acute reduction of intraocular pressure.
ix. Liaison: with radiological department, microbiologists, ENT, faciomaxillary surgeons.
i. Removal of superficial foreign bodies.
ii. Corneal epithelial debridement.
iii. Repair of minor conjunctival/lid lacerations.
iv. YAG iridotomy.
i. Eye protection and prevention of injury.
ii. Lateral canthotomy and inferior cantholysis for retrobulbar haemorrhage.
iii. Chemical/alkali burns of the conjunctiva and cornea.
iv. Drug penetration into the eye and vitreous.
v. Use of intravitreal antibiotics, including dosage and potential complications.